Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy https://jhaponline.org/jhap <p>JHAP aims to promote research in and discussion of the history of analytical philosophy. <a href="/jhap/about">Read more ...</a></p> en-US <p>The Public Knowledge Project recommends the use of the Creative Commons license. The Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy requires authors to agree to a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/">Creative Commons Attribution /Non-commercial license</a>. Authors who publish with the Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/">Creative Commons BY-NC license</a>.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access)</li> </ol> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-nc/3.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License</a>.</p> marcus.rossberg@uconn.edu (Marcus Rossberg) scom@mcmaster.ca (Dorin Mircea) Mon, 15 Apr 2019 17:25:46 -0400 OJS 3.1.1.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Donald Davidson: Looking Back, Looking Forward (Volume Introduction) https://jhaponline.org/jhap/article/view/3882 <p>The papers collected in this issue were solicited to celebrate the hundredth anniversary of Donald Davidson’s birth. Four of them discuss the implications of Davidson’s views—in particular, his later views on triangulation—for questions that are still very much at the centre of current debates. These are, first, the question whether Saul Kripke’s doubts about meaning and rule-following can be answered without making concessions to the sceptic or to the quietist; second, the question whether a way can be found to answer Davidson’s own doubts about the continuity of non-propositional thought and language; third, the question whether normative properties can be at once causal and prescriptive; fourth, the question whether folk psychological explanations can be at once illuminating and autonomous. The fifth paper reexamines Davidson’s take on the principle of compositionality, which always was at the centre of his theorizing about language.</p> Claudine Verheggen ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jhaponline.org/jhap/article/view/3882 Wed, 20 Mar 2019 13:03:53 -0400 Davidson’s Answer to Kripke’s Sceptic https://jhaponline.org/jhap/article/view/3487 <p>According to the sceptic Saul Kripke envisages in his celebrated book on Wittgenstein on rules and private language, there are no facts about an individual that determine what she means by any given expression. If there are no such facts, the question then is, what justifies the claim that she does use expressions meaningfully? Kripke’s answer, in a nutshell, is that she by and large uses her expressions in conformity with the linguistic standards of the community she belongs to. While Kripke’s sceptical problem has gripped philosophers for over three decades, few, if any, have been satisfied by his proposed solution, and many have struggled to come up with one of their own. The purpose of this paper is to show that a more satisfactory answer to Kripke’s challenge can be developed on the basis of Donald Davidson’s writings on triangulation, the idea of two individuals interacting simultaneously with each other and the world they share. It follows from the triangulation argument that the facts that can be regarded as determining meaning are irreducible. Yet, contra Kripke, they are not mysterious, for the argument does spell out what is needed for an individual’s expressions to be meaningful.</p> Olivia Sultanescu, Claudine Verheggen ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jhaponline.org/jhap/article/view/3487 Wed, 20 Mar 2019 13:05:12 -0400 Crude Meaning, Brute Thought (or: What Are They Thinking?!) https://jhaponline.org/jhap/article/view/3483 <p>I address here the question what sense to make of the idea that there can be thought prior to language (both in ontogeny and among nonlinguistic animals). I begin by juxtaposing two familiar and influential philosophical views, one associated with the work of Paul Grice, the other associated with the work of Donald Davidson. Grice and Davidson share a broad, <em>rationalist</em> perspective on language and thought, but they endorse conflicting theses on the relation between them. Whereas, for Grice, thought of an especially complex sort is a <em>precondition</em> of linguistic meaning, for Davidson, there can be <em>no</em> genuine thought without language. I argue that both views present us with unpalatable alternatives concerning our understanding of the <em>natural origins</em> of objective thought and meaningful language. Drawing on what I take to be key insights from Grice and Davidson, I then lay out some broad desiderata for an intermediate position. I finally turn to a certain form of nonlinguistic communication of the sort of which both prelinguistic children and languageless animals are capable, viz., expressive communication. I propose that a proper appreciation of the character and function of expressive communication can help us trace the outlines of the desired intermediate position.</p> Dorit Bar-On ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jhaponline.org/jhap/article/view/3483 Wed, 20 Mar 2019 00:00:00 -0400 Davidson’s Meta-Normative Naturalism https://jhaponline.org/jhap/article/view/3484 <p>Although Donald Davidson is best known for his account of motivating reasons, towards the end of his life he did write about normative reasons, arguing for a novel form of realism we might call anomalous naturalism: <em>anomalous</em>, because it is not just non-reductive but also <em>non-revisionary</em>, refusing to compromise in any way on the thought that the prescriptive authority of normative reasons is objective and reaches to all possible agents; <em>naturalism</em>, because it still treats normative properties as perfectly ordinary <em>causal</em> properties, and thus avoids many of the epistemological problems that bedevil realisms of the sort recently advanced by Thomas Nagel, Derek Parfit, and T. M. Scanlon.</p> <p>In the first section of the paper, I discuss Davidson’s understanding of objective prescriptivity and one important challenge that it faces. In the second section, I show how an answer to this challenge can be found in Davidson’s holism of the mental. As we shall see, Davidson’s holism of the mental makes the possibility of strongly prescriptive properties much easier to take seriously. In the final section of the paper, I take up various grounds for doubting that such properties could also be causal.</p> Robert Myers ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jhaponline.org/jhap/article/view/3484 Wed, 20 Mar 2019 13:10:24 -0400 Davidson, Reasons, and Causes: A Plea for a Little Bit More Empathy https://jhaponline.org/jhap/article/view/3486 <p>In this essay, I will suggest ways of improving on Davidson’s conception of the explanatory autonomy of folk psychological explanations. For that purpose, I will appeal to insights from the recent theory of mind debate emphasizing the centrality of various forms of empathy for our understanding of another person’s mindedness. While I will argue that we need to abandon Davidson’s position of anomalous monism, I will also show that my account is fully compatible with Davidson’s non-reductive and interpretationist account of meaning and mental content. Indeed, my account does more justice to the empathic capacities underlying our interpretive capacities, which Davidson himself has to acknowledge in thinking about the constitutive features of thought and meaning. More specifically, I will propose a new way of philosophically safeguarding the causal-explanatory autonomy of our ordinary action explanations by showing how our empathic capacities are involved in epistemically delineating the domain of rational agency.</p> Karsten R. Stueber ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jhaponline.org/jhap/article/view/3486 Wed, 20 Mar 2019 00:00:00 -0400 Compositionality in Davidson’s Early Work https://jhaponline.org/jhap/article/view/3485 <p>Davidson’s 1965 paper, “Theories of Meaning and Learnable Languages”, has (at least almost) invariably been interpreted, by others and by myself, as arguing that natural languages must have a compositional semantics, or at least a systematic semantics, that can be finitely specified. However, in his reply to me in the Żegleń volume, Davidson denies that compositionality is in any need of an argument. How does this add up?</p> <p>In this paper I consider Davidson’s first three meaning theoretic papers from this perspective. I conclude that Davidson was right in his reply to me that he never took compositionality, or systematic semantics, to be in need of justification. What Davidson had been concerned with, clearly in the 1965 paper and in “Truth and Meaning” from 1967, and to some extent in his Carnap critique from 1963, is (i) that we need a <em>general theory</em> of natural language meaning, (ii) that such a theory should not be in conflict with the learnability of a language, and (iii) that such a theory <em>bring out</em> should how knowledge of a finite number of features of a language suffices for the understanding of all the sentences of that language.</p> Peter Pagin ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://jhaponline.org/jhap/article/view/3485 Wed, 20 Mar 2019 13:13:42 -0400